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Using Herding Dogs on the Farm

Dogs make wonderful farm companions and invaluable farm workers, especially when it comes to managing livestock.

By Nan Roberts

Herding dog and trainer
Photo by Isabelle Francais/ BowTie, Inc.
Working dogs require skils best taught by a professional trainer.

It looked so easy: All we had to do was move 30 sheep from the barn to a vegetable plot 100 yards away so they could graze the cover crop. The sheep calmly filed through the gate—until someone knocked over a bucket, and the sheep bolted.

Three sheep headed east around the machine shed. Four sheep darted around the west side of the barn toward a construction area. Another group took off toward the railroad tracks, and the remainder charged downhill toward the highway.

Managing livestock runs the gamut from the terror of situations like this to the joy of watching a newborn staggering to its feet. It was fun when you got those first few lambs, kids or calves. You knew each one by name. It wasn’t much trouble to feed, medicate or move them around the farm because they were pets and would follow a grain bucket anywhere. Now, you have too many to coddle.

Of course, working with livestock also has its risks. How many times have you been knocked down or smashed against a fence when the herd panics or crowds in to be fed?

You could take on a hired hand and all the expense and worry that’s included. But have you ever thought about a hired paw? Maybe what you need is a stock dog. A good stock dog, or working dog, comes from generations of carefully bred, proven bloodlines that have preserved a phenomenal instinct and ability to work livestock.

All herding dog breeds, like Border ColliesCorgis and German Shepherds, evolved out of our need for help with managing our grazing animals. As we’ve become less agrarian, most herding dogs have become companion animals and are bred to conform to breed-specific appearance. The vast majority does not work on a farm or ranch. As a result, the instinct to herd is being bred out of many breeding lines.

The Working Dog
Thankfully, there are people who still breed herding dogs based on their aptitude for work—it’s what exists in their brain and heart that matters. These dogs, like  exhibit an amazing instinct—an inborn ability to read and react to livestock—and a work ethic that puts many humans to shame. Most herding dogs would rather work than eat, drink or sleep. They show up every day, ready and eager to work.

Anyone who has a good stock dog will tell you that it’s worth its weight in gold. A good herding dog can easily replace the efforts of multiple helpers when it comes to moving livestock. They’ll gather your entire flock, move them wherever they need to go, separate out individuals, hold them in place and protect your backside—all for a bowl of dog chow and a pat on the head. Farmers have used working dogs for hundreds of years as valued, if not essential, partners. Once you’ve seen a good dog work, you’ll wonder why you never thought of getting one before.

Before you decide on a specific dog breed, consider your livestock and how you manage them. The type of stock and its environment call for specific abilities.

All herding breeds do not work livestock the same way. This is not to say that each breed can only work one type of stock. It means that you should choose the breed suited for the work you need done.

If you want a dog that can go out hundreds of yards to bring in a large number of livestock, you’ll want one that has good gathering skills. Gathering means the dog will run out in a sweeping arc to end up behind the stock and fetch them toward you. Border Collies and Australian Kelpies are good choices for this kind of work.

If you work with your livestock in smaller areas and tight spaces, a driving dog might be best. Driving dogs push the stock along from behind and tend to work closer to the stock than a gathering breed. Most herding dogs can drive, but it comes more naturally to driving breeds, such as Australian Cattle Dogs and Australian Shepherds. Driving dogs need to be forceful to move animals—especially cattle—through chutes and crowded pens. Dogs that work cattle will dash in and give them a nip on the heels to get them moving, yet are wary and agile enough to leap out of the way before they get kicked. Some Border Collies can work cattle if they come from working lines that breed and train these dogs to be more forceful with the larger animals.

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Using Herding Dogs on the Farm

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Reader Comments
Thank you for this article! Yes a properly bred stock dog is a wonder not only for the shepherd or cow-hand but also as the bringer of great joy to a family. They are truly an amazing animal... we have the honor to raise BORDER COLLIES and at Wall 2 Wall Border Collies & Sheep Ranch we fully appreciate all that they bring to your life.
Our first true appreciation was after having a purebred CBCA registered Border Collie for a few months and needing to put the sheep into the barn for some small task that we had done with out dogs for years, and after several failed attempts, said lets get the dog, ...called her name.... "Kit" and all the sheep suddenly were in the barn... the dog did not even have the opportunity to arrive!
Since that time and several years and about 75 puppies later, we have a wonderful community of friends across Canada and even the world through our Border Collies. You can see more of our wonderful dogs on our website at www.wall2wallsheep.com or visit us at HFH under Wall 2 Wall Border Collies or the sister Urban Farm under Wall 2 Wall Sheep Ranch or with DogChannel.com Wall2Wall or look for Del'Mar Skeet, Nell, or Wall2Wall BeeJay.
Lorna, Poplarfield, MB
Posted: 11/29/2014 2:42:39 PM
5 months ago, I adopted a 7 mo. old Caine Corso. Little did I realize then, what an amazing Farm dog he is! I have 80 chickens, who he herds and watches over. If one gets too far, he picks her up and gently carries her back. He is also very good with our pigs and cattle. He loves his job and will spend hours on end running around the farm and making sure all is well. If anyone knows where I can get him certified, I would be ever so appreciative...
Lea, Hamden, CT
Posted: 9/1/2013 3:49:45 PM
Dear editor:
How I would like to thank you for this article, Using Herding Dogs on the Farm.
Most of us that have livestock & stock dogs can realy give testimony on how valuable these four legged workmates / friends are to us. Like you say, They are always ready to do what ever the task is at hand, from moving bulls to seperating calves to just a routine vaccination. I have used herding dogs for 22 years and two times I can say that They probably saved my life, at the least they kept me from serious harm. There is no thanks, pat on the head , or T Bone big enough that can be given when you experience this. The only way I can say thanks is to be an advocate and a spocksman for these silent stock dogs.
Yes, like you say in your piece, "they are worth their weight in gold", a good stock dog is.
I have had the pleasure of working with some of the best stock dogs. Now let me introduce you to the best stock dogs I have worked with for fourteen years. I will always have one or two by my side in what ever I do or where ever I go in my travels, My CATAHOULA will be there at my side.
The Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog, and by me called "King of the Stock Dogs". This athletic, rugged dog really is a great farm and ranch dog. They are serious workers who go about their business with tremendous focus and assertiveness they do there job the best, while all the time wanting to please you. When the work day is done your friend is ready to. Catahoula's are a breed to take notice of and deserve to be considered when looking for and choosing a herding dog.
They are not only a very valuable tool, there something you depend on every day they are a part of your family that looks after your stock and is willing to give there life on your behalf at a drop of a hat. Ask any one that has this fine dog, they will tell you how great they are also!

sam, mendon, MI
Posted: 11/27/2010 10:04:40 PM
I would be lost if not for our Shepherds.
We are a military family so I am often left home alone with the stock to manage. Thankfully we have 3 Belgian Shepherds to help out. We have horses (14), including 2 stallions, free range turkeys, ducks and chickens. The dogs are not only wonderful loyal companions, but stead fast flock guardians, movers and peace keepers. Roosters must mind their manners or else!!!
My 12yo Tervuren has saved me from a stallion on more than one occasion. Human error, but they are always watching out for us.
Thank you for a look at the tireless farm hands and companions.
Kelly, Vernon, FL
Posted: 11/18/2010 7:42:49 AM
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