Photo by Jessica Walliser
Sometimes small-space gardeners wanting to diversify what they grow need to looking for novel ways to expand their growing opportunities. I’ve gone through my own periods of trial-and-error over the years when it comes to gardening in my own backyard, and here are some space, time and money-saving tips you may be able to put to use.
1. Grow Lettuce To Go
One of the easiest crops to grow, lettuce is a cool-season crop that thrives in most parts of the country from the end of March until early July, when the long days and warm weather cause it to bolt (go to flower). Everyone can grow their own salad greens by simply filling a pot with decent potting soil and tossing in a few lettuce seeds from the local nursery.
I know people who grow lettuce in old plastic baby pools with drainage holes cut into the bottom. I’ve seen lettuce growing in upturned umbrellas, old bureau drawers, 5-gallon buckets and all sorts of other containers. As long as there is a drainage hole in the bottom, the container will work.
Lettuce will grow in full sun or full shade (though it prefers a few hours of sun each day), making it a good crop for everywhere from apartment balconies to window boxes. Water the pot when necessary, and harvest the greens by cutting them off with a scissors when needed. If you let the roots and the lowest inch or so of the plant remain intact, the plant will re-sprout and provide you with several harvests.
2. Potato Stacker
One of the easiest ways to grow lots of delicious spuds also happens to be one of the best. Cut the bottom out of a big plastic "beer" tub (the ones with the rope handles). Situate the tub on the soil in a place that gets at least six hours of full sun per day, and then fill the bottom 6 inches with a mixture of garden soil and compost. Place pieces of seed potatoes purchased from a local nursery on top of the soil, spaced about 6 inches apart. Be sure that each potato section has at least one "eye," the growing points that will sprout the new shoots. Cover the potato pieces with 6 more inches of the soil mixture.
As the plants grow, keep adding more and more soil on top of them until the whole tub is filled and the plants are growing out the top. Water the tub often throughout the summer. Eventually the plants will brown and die off. Two weeks after they do, lift the tub up by its handles and the soil and potatoes will come tumbling out.
3. Bagged Veggies
If you’re not only space-starved but also energy-starved, or if you can no longer manage the physical nature of gardening, try this trick. Purchase big, plastic bags of potting soil. But rather than dumping the soil into containers to grow your veggies, plant them right in the bag. Lay the bag out flat and cut two or three small circles on the top surface. Place the circles a good 8 to 12 inches apart, depending on the size of the bag and the eventual size of the veggies. Then plant your veggies right into the holes.
If you’re growing heat-loving crops, like peppers, eggplants or beans, place the bags in full sun. If you're growing greens, like lettuce, kale, chard or spinach, keeping the bags on a partially shaded porch or patio works, too. For large plants, like zucchini and cucumbers, plant only one or two per cubic foot bag of potting soil. Be sure to punch a few small holes on the bottom of the bag, too, to allow for drainage. To water your bag garden, insert the hose into a planting hole and allow it to run on a trickle for several minutes until the soil has been moistened.
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