Hobby Farms Editors
January 18, 2016
Rabbit

Rabbit Physiology

  • Life span: 9 to 12 years
  • Heart rate: 130 to 135 beats per minute
  • Respiratory rate: 32 to 60 breaths per minute
  • Rectal temperature: 100 to 103 degrees F
  • Water intake: 50 to 100 milliliters per kilogram of weight per day
  • Urine volume: 20 to 250 milliliters per kilogram of weight per day
  • Gastrointestinal transit time: 4 to 5 hours
  • Blood volume: 55 to 65 millileters per kilogram of weight
  • Dental formula (top): 2 incisors, 0 canines, 3 premolars, 3 molars
  • Dental formula (bottom): 1 incisor, 0 canines, 2 premolars, 3 molars

 

Rabbit Reproduction

  • Puberty: 4 to 8 months
  • Age at which to neuter: after 3 months of age
  • Interval between neutering and infertility: 29 to 35 days
  • Litter size: 4 to 10 kits
  • Eyes open: 7 to 10 days
  • Weaning age:  6 to 8 weeks
  • Birth weight: 30 to 80 grams

 

Rabbit Anatomy

  • Hind legs: Strong; used to propel the body forward, up to 35 miles per hour
  • Hind feet: Long; used to assist with hopping, leaping, standing and to thump the ground as a warning signal to other rabbits
  • Nails: Sharp; used for digging burrows
  • Tail: Cotton-like; used to communicate happiness, anger, stress, excitement
  • Ears: Cupped and rotatable to better hear; used to regulate body heat
  • Eyes: Set on the side of the head for a 360-degree view
  • Whiskers: Used to feel and help navigate through dark burrows
  • Nose: Used to smell food and predators
  • Mouth, teeth, tongue: Used chew food up to 120 times per minute
  • Upper lip: Sensitive, divided and finger-like: used to help feel food


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