About Goat Milk

Interested in goat milk? Read some basics about goat milk's digestiblity and nutritional value to see if it's for you.

by Dani Yokhna

By Carol Ekarius

Goat dairying has become more popular. Read more about goat milk
© Rhoda Peacher
Nubian goats, like the one show here, is one of the best dairy breeds.

Not so very long ago, there was little interest in goat dairying in the United States, but according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the milk goat/dairy industry is now flourishing, and it is mainly in the hands of small-scale producers.

On any scale, dairying is a fairly serious undertaking, requiring a much greater commitment than keeping goats for pets or meat production, but it can be rewarding for those willing to put in the effort.

If you keep dairy goats, you can have your own fresh milk, produce your own butter, cheese, ice cream or yogurt, and for those who enjoy some pampering, even prepare your own luxurious soaps and potions.

A larger herd affords the opportunity for the entrepreneurial-minded to create a profitable venture. 

About goat’s milk
Goat’s milk is similar to cow’s milk in texture, but chemically speaking, there are some differences.

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It’s Easier to Digest
No one is quite sure why, but people (including babies) who have trouble digesting cow’s milk seem to have an easier time digesting goat milk.

The reason may be that goat’s milk has smaller fat globules, which may be more easily digested. Goat’s milk only contains trace amounts of casein, the protein that causes fat globules to clump together and is the most common allergen in cow’s milk.


Average Content of Goat, Cow and Human Milk
Here is some detailed information on differences according to the American Dairy Goat Association (ADGA)

Nutrient (%)GoatCowHuman
Protein (%)
Fat (%)
Calories/100 ml706968
Cholesterol (mg/100 ml)121520
Calcium (%)
Iron (%)
Phosphorous (%)
Vitamin A (i.u./gram fat)392132
Vitamin B1/thiamin (µg/100 ml)684517
Riboflavin (µg/100 ml)21015926
Vitamin C (µg/100 ml)223

How much milk will my goat produce?

The answer: It will vary, based on the breed, the age and genetics of the individual animal, the quality and quantity of feed, the time in lactation (early, mid or late) and environmental factors, such as the weather.

But, as a rule of thumb:

  • A low producer will give about two quarts per day for around six months;
  • A modest producer will do two to three quarts per day and can keep producing for 10 months;
  • A high producer will give three to four quarts per day, and
  • An exceptionally high producer may go as high as seven quarts in the peak of her lactation.


This article contains excerpts from “Milk that Goat: Dairying 101” by Carol Ekarius. It appears in Popular Farming Series: Goats, a publication with in-depth information for those who own or would like to own goats. Buy one online or call (800) PET-BOOK (738-2665).


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